To understand what a full recovery from schizoaffective disorder looks like for you or a loved one, consider the opportunities for long-term treatment. With the right treatment path and well-rounded support , someone with schizoaffective disorder can lead a full and fulfilling life. When Isaac got his schizoaffective disorder diagnosis , his whole life seemed to change in a blink. The change came about not just because of his disordered symptoms, but also because the shame he felt led him to withdraw. In fact, he himself had a hard time wrapping his mind around the implications of his diagnosis.
Signs and symptoms of schizoaffective bipolar disorder and how to treat it
Schizoaffective disorder - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice
Schizoaffective Disorder Case Study Essay
It is imperative for providers to accurately diagnose patients, as treatment and prognosis differs greatly for each of these diagnoses. There are two types of schizoaffective disorder: the bipolar type , which is distinguished by symptoms of mania , hypomania , or mixed episode ; and the depressive type , which is distinguished by symptoms of depression only. Genetics researched in the field of genomics ; problems with neural circuits ; chronic early, and chronic or short-term current environmental stress appear to be important causal factors. No single isolated organic cause has been found, but extensive evidence exists for abnormalities in the metabolism of tetrahydrobiopterin BH4 , dopamine , and glutamic acid in people with schizophrenia, psychotic mood disorders, and schizoaffective disorder. People with schizoaffective disorder are likely to have co-occurring conditions, including anxiety disorders and substance use disorders.
Despite a clear recognition of the existence of patients with co-morbid psychotic and mood symptoms, many studies conclude that schizoaffective disorder as a distinct diagnosis does not exist. Regardless of one's opinion on schizoaffective disorder, psychiatrists remain dependent on phenomenological descriptions for diagnosing psychiatric disorders, and these phenomenological criteria are also used for clinical trial entry. On the other hand, many psychiatrists prescribe for specific target symptoms and do not always rigidly follow diagnostic systems and, moreover, there have been very few trials that have specifically studied schizoaffective disorder. Despite recent intriguing work in epidemiology, genetics, neurocognition and electrophysiology, the diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder remains controversial. Taken together, these studies suggest that even if schizoaffective disorder exists as a separate diagnosis, it may not be useful clinically due to considerable variation in the general use of this term.